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Code Of Conduct:

I will...

  Emphasis the ideals of sportsmanship, ethical conduct and fair play.
Show courtesy to my opponents and officials. 
Recognize athletic contests are serious educational endeavors. 
Give complete allegiance to my coaches who are
the instructional authority for my team. 
Discourage fans, fellow players and parents from
undercutting my coach’s authority.

I will not...

Use Profanity or talk "trash" before during or after any game.

Use drugs, alcohol, or tobacco. Critize my teammates.

Act in any way that may incite spectators.

 

 

Helpful Football Coaches Information

This page offers many instructional needs for coaches. From reading material, clinics, certifications and various articles. We will be adding more information throughout the season. If you would like to share something you think would be helpful for other coaches please email us with the link and information.

American Sports Education Program
Programs for coaches, administrators, officials, and parents.  Offers training material, books, online courses, videos, etc.

Join the Team
NFL Sponsored Programs

NFL Youth Football
NFL Youth Football programs help children and their families enjoy the football experience every time they step on a field.

Vince Lombardi: The Official Site
All About Vince

Coach Hugh Wyatt's Football Coaching
Instructional videos for sale, news, and a coaching blog

Football Quick Tips
Instructional tips on the eteamz site

Coaches Services
Bookstore, drill info, sample playbooks, newsletter, etc.

Coach Illustrated - Learn The Game
Various articles and features on different sports, some information on athletic training

Bobo Majors Football Drills
Drills, plays, books, videos, weight training, techniques and conditioning

Cyber Coach
A youth football webring

C.O.A.C.H.
Online access to coaching help.  Mostly an online job database for coaches.

Pyramid of Success by Coach Wooden
Mildly interesting. Very graphic intensive, not recommended if your ISP is dial-up

Football Coaching Sites
Interactive directory of football coaching sites, also lists clinics and camps

Gridiron Strategies
Football coaching resources - detailed plays, discussion forums.

Play Football!
A football basics site, with game-playing.

Positive Coaching Alliance

Based at Stanford University. Provides resources to help create a positive youth sports culture.

Junior Player Development
NFL sponsored program integrates on-field skills development with life skills and character development.

Character Counts
A Wealth of information on youth development. Can sign up for a free newsletter

Institute  For The Study of Youth Sports

Based in the College of Education at Michigan State University

ARTICLES

Pursuing Victory With Honor
Top 10 Tips for Coaching Kids
John T. Reed's Coaching Articles
The Double Wing Offense
The Habit of Winning' by Vince Lombardi


BOOKS AND MAGAZINES

John T. Reed's Coaching Books
'We Own This Game' by Robert Andrew Powell
American Football Monthly Magazine

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Coaches Code of Conduct(Click to View)
All football, cheer and spirit coaches must abide by a code of conduct.

Click on the link above to view the Coaches Code of Conduct, from the National rulebook.
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Sportsmanship!(Click to View)
The Six Pillars of Character for youth ethics.
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Read Below:

The Latest on Concussion Prevention

Avoid Unsafe Weight Loss

Safety: Weight Vs Age

Football is as Safe as Other Sports

Prevent Heat Illness

Practice and Training Safety in the Heat

Lightning Safety

Be Active for Good Health

NATIONAL ATHLETIC TRAINERS' ASSOCIATION (NATA) Good Practice for Youth Sports

NOTE TO COACHES: Failure to act in a safe and responsible manner with the children entrusted to you and under your care and supervision can mean big trouble for you, including but not limited to criminal charges for child endangerment.

That means:

Give kids enough re-hydration (water) breaks,
Seek safety/shelter in the event of electrical storms,
Allow breaks for kids to cool down and don't practice in extreme heat
.

Follow the guidelines below for some good safety practices.

Concussion Prevention

This article was prepared for the use of all coaches and players.

Heads up Football

Congratulations for your attention to preventing hydration and heat related health problems. This season we face a growing problem pertaining to head injuries. Television Broadcasters glorify violence in football. Defenseless players getting “decked” or “knocked into next week” are replayed over and over. Why does head to head spearing still exist? I believe it is due to poor coaching and tolerance. Good coaches must insist upon execution of fundamental techniques and player’s safety. We like the NFL have alerted our Referees of the zero tolerance Policy.

To confront the issues of Head injuries we have prepared an excerpt from. Dr Michael C Meyers PhD, FACSM Montana State in his extensive injury research summary concludes. The injuries occurring most often are during Tackling and Blocking. There is no agreed upon age when instruction should commence in tackle football. Statistically the younger the player the fewer incidences of injuries occur. The earlier the player learns the proper techniques the better. Psychologists tell us an average child cannot judge the proper time and distance needed to cross the street safely until age eight. Good coaches accept the fact that instruction needs to be age appropriate, safe, and fun. Faster learning occurs when Coaches should employ “learning triggers” such as catch phrases, word cues, and imagery.

Balance for Players


Most of us fear falling to the ground backwards. This tear shaped “comfort zone” is the problem because the player will accept falling forward more often than falling backwards. When falling forward the head drops down or snaps back the opposite of a good balanced tackling position. The first catch phrases we usually hear as kids are READY – SET – GO! Jump up watch were your feet land (shoulder width apart – your ready)
Check your alignment (hips and feet square to the goal line -your set)
Push off your front foot (your knee rolls toward the ground – you go)
Imagine you’re a Sumo Wrestler (knees bent, chest out, and head up
)

The head is always high (not down or back) in a straight line with the back. The best football players bend at the knees and keep their head up chest out back flat (no bend at the waist). When a great play is made, watch the enthusiastic players jump up and bump their chests or shoulders to congratulate each other. There is a lesson here. It does not hurt – it is fun! Their heads are up and safely high in the air

Think of the core of your body as a square block. The broadest surface of your body is shoulder to shoulder. When you set square to a ball carrier – he has to avoid you by making a wide cut. With your head up you can see the direction of his cut and “go”.

Leverage for players


A demonstration of leverage is a hammer pulling out a nail. The hammer claw is under the nail head, the back is straight providing a power angle that leverages the efficiency of the effort. Your back straight with knees bent gives you that lifting leverage under the ball carriers pads.

Proper Tackling Technique


If you are under your opponents pads with a good knee bend with your back straight and chest out you “Strike” your opponent “Hit on the raise” as you “Uncoil” with your closest knee rolling toward the ground (never stand up) Do not look for the ball carrier feel the pressure of the blocker as you bull rush him backwards or throw him off. Your “uncoil” or “strike” as you tackle will break a ball carriers momentum provided your bent knees extend as a short punch like a boxers jab. Don’t leave your feet by diving head first. The ideal position is to hit with your shoulder chest and “run through as your arms squeeze your opponent in a bear hug. You should imagine driving him backwards with your legs churning. When tackling a passer go from top down as your arms strip him of the ball. When his guide hand comes off the ball your hands should go up. Don’t leave your feet. If you are not the first one in on the tackle rip the ball loose.

Proper Blocking Technique


The same principals are involved in proper blocking techniques except the hands can not wrap around the opponents body. Imagine that Sumo Wrestler again.

Keep your hands inside the frame of your opponent’s body and use them and your steps to steer the defender back and away from the ball carrier or quarterback passing. Review these important phases. The broadcasters quote “those big lineman butt heads on every play” is not accurate. A good line man will use his hands to get under the opponents pads and break his momentum. Your span from shoulder to shoulder can keep your opponent away from the ball carrier or passer.

Imagine yourself as the bulldozer or front loader.

Young players should be taught the three phases of one on one blocking. First phase is the “Fit-follow through phase”. The defender allows you to fit (the proper position) into him by placing his hands behind his back. When the coach gives “go command” drive your hands up under the pads in a lifting action while keeping contact by using short power steps. The “Uncoil phase” Back up one step from your opponent when the coach gives you the “go command” step and “uncoil” your up leg, hit with your hands in a lifting action, follow up with back foot as you continue driving with short power steps. Keep the chest to chest position. Putting it all together from the stance fit follow through is the last teaching element. “Fire out phase” from the stance on the “go command” fire out aiming at the center of the defender with a punch of both hands as you uncoil with a lifting action and continue your follow through driving your opponent back maintaining contact.

Review of Blocking and Tackling Techniques

Set Square – With good balance head up, back straight, knees bent, uncoil, hit on the raise, with good leverage, drive through and keep your chest close to the defender. If the defender or ball carrier takes a side, continue to plow him to that side and backwards with short power steps. The defender cannot throw you off is there is no cavity between your bodies. Strive to keep the core of your body (block) covering opponent’s midsection. Keep your head up when you’re tackling and blocking. Play safe, play fair, and enjoy the great game of football.

Coaches Alert: You are not permitted to diagnose a head injury.

Any injury as a result of a blow to the head is serious. Players with symptoms of head aches, dilated pupils, nausea, or disorientation must receive the attention of a medical doctor immediately. A coach cannot put a player at risk by allowing him to continue playing after a head injury.

Extreme Team Sports Urges Youth Against Unhealthy Weight Reduction

While the media and infomercial's proclaim any weight loss as healthy. The only sane approach to weight loss is to eat and drink less calories than you burn daily.

Your child may be asked to lose weight fast (during their growth years) for the single purpose of "making the weight to play". All sorts of dangerous methods are used to "sweat off the pounds". It is the opinion of most physicians that dehydration techniques are harmful to the health of athletes. Evidence of this can be found with the sport drink companies that make millions by offering to balance a body's electrolytes with their products.

While obesity is a national epidemic - the loss of fat occurs over an extended period of time by eating healthy meals and staying physically active. Fast weight loss through dehydration techniques drains the body, mind and spirit of growing youngsters. Extreme Team Sports encourages young athletes to avoid sudden weight loss so they may develop to their full potential physically, mentally, and socially.

Mayo Clinic in Rochester

Thursday, April 11, 2002

Injuries Uncommon in Youth Football, Mayo Clinic Study Reports
ROCHESTER, MINN. -- A Mayo Clinic study of youth football showed that most injuries that occurred were mild, older players appeared to be at a higher risk and that no significant correlation exists between body weight and injury.

The study, which appears in the April issue of Mayo Clinic Proceedings, found that the data for athletes grades four through eight indicated that the risk of injury in youth football does not appear greater than the risk associated with other recreational or competitive sports.

"Our analysis showed that youth football injuries are uncommon," said Michael J. Stuart, M.D., a Mayo Clinic orthopedic surgeon and the principal author of the study.

Dr. Stuart and his colleagues studied 915 players aged 9 to 13 years, who participated on 42 football teams in the fall of 1997. Injury incidence, prevalence and severity were calculated for each grade level and player position. Additional analyses examined the number of injuries according to body weight.

A game injury was defined as any football-related ailment that occurred on the field during a game that kept a player out of competition for the reminder of the game, required the attention of a physician, and included all concussion, lacerations, as well as dental, eye and nerve injuries. The researchers found a total of 55 injuries occurred in games during the season — a prevalence of six percent. Incidence of injury expressed as injury per 1,000 player-plays was lowest in the fourth grade (.09 percent), increased for the fifth, sixth and seventh grades (.16 percent, .16 percent, .15 percent respectively) and was highest in the eighth grade (.33 percent).

Most of the injuries were mild and the most common type was a contusion, which occurred in 33 players. Four injuries (fractures involving the ankle growth plate) were such that they prevented players from participating for the rest of the season. No player required hospitalization or surgery.

The study’s authors said risk increases with level of play (grade in school) and player age. Older players in the higher grades are more susceptible to football injuries. The risk of injury for an eighth-grade player was four times greater than the risk of injury for a fourth-grade player. Potential contributing factors include increased size, strength, speed and aggressiveness. Analysis of body weight indicated that lighter players were not at increased risk for injury, and in fact heavier players had a slightly higher prevalence of injury. This trend was not statistically significant. Running backs are at greater risk when compared with other football positions, the researchers reported.

Other authors who contributed to the study include: Michael A. Morrey, Ph.D., Aynsley M. Smith, RN, Ph.D., John K. Meis, M.S., all from the Mayo Clinic Sports Medicine Center and Cedric J. Ortiguera, M.D., a Mayo Clinic orthopedic surgeon in Jacksonville, Fla.

Mayo Clinic Proceedings is a peer-reviewed and indexed general internal medicine journal, published for 75 years by Mayo Foundation, with a circulation of 130,000 nationally and internationally.

TERMS OF USE APPLICABLE TO THIS ARTICLE AS EXTRACTED FROM THE MAYO CLINIC WEBSITE
Use of This Site Signifies Your Agreement To the Terms of Use
Copyright ©2001-2005 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. All Rights Reserved.

YOUTH FOOTBALL INJURIES UNCOMMON
A Statement by Dave Ogrean, Former USA Football Executive Director

Every year, more than 12 million kids play football, and that number is ever-growing.

The well-being of young players is promoted through finely detailed safety practices and age/weight standards.Over the years, youth football leagues have adjusted the rules of the game to reduce the risk of injuries.

Evidence of the direct result of football's strict guidelines at the youth level is displayed in an analysis by the Mayo Clinic that indicated in a 2002 report that "the risk of injury in youth football does not appear greater than other recreational or competitive sports." In fact, the report stated that "youth football injuries are uncommon."

Two of the nation's premiere youth football organizations, Pop Warner and American Youth Football, set high safety standards for their players and coaches. Players are grouped according to their age and weight, in order to avoid mismatches, and different divisions are designed to overlap in age to offer maximum opportunity for safe participation.

Another important precaution at the youth level is the proper fitting of equipment. Youth leagues ensure that all players have high quality helmets, padding, and other gear when on the playing field, which greatly minimizes the risk of injury.

The fact that most injuries are predictable, and thus preventable, should make the issue of injury non-problematic. However, the most significant problems involving injury arise when players do not notify coaches or adults that they have been injured. Re-injury is also a common problem when both players and coaches do not allow proper time for injuries to heal. These problems are easily avoidable through instructing players to report injuries and afterwards insisting on the resolution of injuries before a return to participation.

While no physical activity will ever be totally free of injury, youth football programs are continually working to improve themselves and ensure that more kids each year benefit from the sport's many lessons.

(January 2005)

Cleveland Clinic Tips to Prevent Heat Illness
A heat related illness occurs when the body is not able to regulate, or control, its temperature.

If left untreated, a heat illness can lead to serious complications, even death. If detected and treated early, however, most serious problems can be avoided.

1. Proper Hydration

Pre- and post-exercise hydration
Drink water and electrolyte drinks
Limit excessive caffeine consumption

2. Be Aware of Supplements

Research has shown supplements use can raise blood pressure, speed heart rate and contribute to dehydration.
Products containing ephedrine contribute to fatal heart rhythm difficulties, heat related illnesses, stroke, and seizures.
Ephedrine raises the body's heat production and body temperatures and increases the risk of developing heat illnesses.
Supplements are not regulated by the Fod and Drug Administration (FDA). As a result, nutritional labels may be inconsistent.
Creatine may be linked to muscle cramping if working out in the heat of the day
.

3. Keep Cool

Use ice towels
Use cold tub
Wear light-weight, light-colored clothing

4. High Risk Athletes

Overweight & unfit athletes have a tendency to overheat.

5. Stay Healthy

Eat a well-balanced diet
Salt food lightly, if not hypertensive
Monitor weight before and after each practice session
Monitor urine: Clear or light yellow for color of unrine
Get plenty of rest

6. Notify Medical Professional if experiencing any signs of dehydration and heat illness

The evaluation of any athlete, whether as a part of health evaluations prior to activity or as a diagnosis of an injury as the consequence of sports activities, is specific to that individual and the history and current state of the individual presented. Advice, diagnosis and treatment is individualized according to numerous factors, including patient health and age information, medical history and symptoms. All athletes should be cleared by a physician or other appropriate medical professional before engaging in physical activities and, after injury, diagnosis and treatment, for return to play.

NEW YOUTH FOOTBALL RECOMMENDATIONS EMPHASIZE PRACTICE AND TRAINING SAFETY IN THE HEAT

Expert Panel: Youth Football Coaches Key to Safety

Youth football coaches should adopt practice modifications and employ a strategy to acclimatize players to perform in the heat, along with a fluid replacement strategy in anticipation of young players who begin practice already dehydrated, according to new recommendations from the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM), the world leader in the scientific and medical aspects of sports and exercise. The guidelines are outcomes from a recent expert panel convened for an ACSM scientific roundtable on youth football and heat stress.

Additional recommendations focus on factors that contribute to heat stress, such as intensity and duration of exercise, body size, health and fitness level, as well as uniform configurations.

A player’s core temperature on the field is primarily related to exercise intensity and duration, clothing/equipment and environmental conditions. Therefore, practices should be modified to reduce intensity, duration, and equipment depending on the environmental heat stress. The team support staff must closely monitor all players, instead of only a particular focus on less fit, large players with an excessive body mass index (BMI), for signs and symptoms of developing heat-related injury during football practice or competition in stressful environments.

Wearing a full or partial football uniform makes players overheat sooner, even when the temperature and humidity are not very high. To reduce the risk of heat injury during the football pre-season, there should be a gradual addition of the insulating parts of the football uniform and protective equipment to allow safe transition to full intensity practice in full gear. Players should wear less padding on very hot and humid days.

Young football players often begin practice measurably dehydrated and sweat a lot on the field, so successive days of football practice can lead to additional dehydration and reductions in body weight, which may increase the risk for excessive body temperature and heat injury. Removing barriers to adequate drinking and providing optimal conditions for fluid intake will help prevent dehydration. Easy access to fluids and adequate time for drinking water and other beverages that are chilled, flavored and contain sodium will help promote fluid intake during and after training.

Other measures to help players safely acclimatize during pre-season and reduce the risk for heat injury during all practices include:

Schedule a pre-season for at least two weeks, with seven to 10 practice sessions of gradual and increasing exposure to intensity, duration, and protective equipment. This will allow for proper acclimatization to the environment and these other factors that increase heat strain.

Avoid conducting multiple on-field practice sessions on consecutive days.

Regular breaks should be scheduled to limit excessive physical activity and allow fluid replacement.

Use the “buddy” system to monitor players (Two players assigned to “keep an eye on” each other).

Use shade when available during rest breaks.

A standardized pre-participation physical examination should be performed as part of routine healthcare on each football player. A review of the athlete’s past medical history should include a history of medication and supplement use, cardiac disease, sickle cell trait, and previous heat illness.

Heat cramps are usually prompted by: 1) sodium depletion; 2) dehydration; and possibly 3) muscle fatigue. Young, fit, football players who cramp when sweating extensively may need to consume more salt and fluid, based on their individual losses.

Special precautions for sickle-trait football players should include no first-day preseason fitness runs, no timed distance runs, and no sustained sprints on the field, on hills, or on stairs. Assume that any cramping is due to red blood cell sickling until proven otherwise. Screening and precautions for sickle cell trait may readily reduce risk and save lives.

Education of coaches, and support staff on how to prevent, identify and treat heat injuries should be done each year. Adequate number of staff (coaches or medical support) should be available on site to effectively monitor the number of participants for potential problems.

"Kids don’t have to suffer heat injuries or in extreme cases, die from heatstroke. Heat stress is preventable if parents, coaches and other adults involved with youth football programs have access to and utilize the right information,” said Michael F. Bergeron, Ph.D., ACSM Fellow and panel co-chair. “These recommendations are meant to be the beginning of new and expanded programs of research and education that will help to ensure the health and safety of young football players everywhere.”

The American College of Sports Medicine is the largest sports medicine and exercise science organization in the world. More than 20,000 International, National, and Regional members are dedicated to advancing and integrating scientific research to provide educational and practical applications of exercise science and sports medicine.

Youth Football & Heat Stress Roundtable participants also included Douglas McKeag, M.D., FACSM, Thayne Munce, Ph.D., Craig Horswill, Ph.D., Anthony Luke, M.D., MPH, Thomas Rowland, M.D., FACSM, Douglas Casa, Ph.D., FACSM, Priscilla Clarkson Ph.D., FACSM, E. Randy Eichner, M.D., William O. Roberts, M.D., FACSM, Randall Dick, FACSM, and Frederick Mueller, Ph.D., FACSM. The full set of recommendations and references will be available this fall.

How Far Away Is Lightning From Me?


To estimate the distance between you and a lightning flash, use the "Flash to Bang" method: If you observe lightning, count the number of seconds until you hear thunder. Divide the number of seconds by five to get the distance in miles.

Example: If you see lightning and it takes 10 seconds before you hear the thunder, then the lightning is 2 miles away from you (10 divided by 5 = 2 miles).

If Thunder is heard The Lightning is...


5 seconds after a Flash 1 mile away
10 seconds after a Flash 2 miles away
15 seconds after a Flash 3 miles away
20 seconds after a Flash 4 miles away
25 seconds after a Flash 5 miles away
30 seconds after a Flash 6 miles away
35 seconds after a Flash 7 miles away
40 seconds after a Flash 8 miles away

Get to a safe location if the time between the lightning flash and the rumble of thunder is 30 seconds or less.

Plan Ahead! Your best source of up-to-date weather information is a NOAA Weather Radio (NWR). Portable weather radios are handy for outdoor activities. If you don't have NWR, stay up to date via internet, TV, local radio or cell phone. If you are in a group, make sure all leaders or members of the group have a lightning safety plan and are ready to use it.
Determine how far you are from a safe enclosed building or a safe vehicle. As soon as you hear thunder, see lightning or see dark threatening clouds, get to a safe location. Then wait 30 minutes after the last rumble of thunder before you leave the safe location. If you are part of a group, particularly a large one, you will need more time to get all group members to safety. NWS recommends having professional lightning detection equipment so your group can be alerted from significant distances from the event site.

When groups are involved, the time needed to get to safety increases. So you need to start leaving sooner. Your entire group should already be in a safe location when the approaching storm reaches within 5 miles from your location.

Here is a common scenario for youth sports teams with a suggestion from the National Weather Service on how to safely respond.

Coach of Outdoor Sports Team
You are a manager of a little league team and have a game this evening at the local recreational park. The weather forecast for the day calls for a partly cloudy skies, with a chance of thunderstorms by early evening. You arrive in your vehicle while the kids arrive with their parents. Once arriving at the park, you notice the only buildings are the the restrooms, an enclosed building. Shortly after sunset, the skies start to cloud up and you see bright flashes in the sky to the west. The local radio station mentions storms are on the way.

In this case, the safest locations are the vehicles the kids came in or the rest rooms. You should have a choice of allowing the kids to go back to their vehicles or bring everyone into the restrooms. It is important NOT to stay in the dugouts as they are not safe place during lightning activity. Once at a safe place, wait 30 minutes after the last rumble of thunder before going back outside.

For more information visit http://www.lightningsafety.noaa.gov/outdoors.htm

More Reasons To Participate.

1. One in three U.S. children born in 2000 will contract Type II diabetes unless their lifestyles emphasize eating less and exercising more. The odds are one in two for African American and Hispanic children. (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics)

2. Kids today spend an average of 5-1/2 hours a day in front of a TV or computer. ("Kaiser Family Foundation, 1999)

3. Daily attendance in P.E. dropped from 42% to 25% among high school students between 1991 and 1995. (U.S.Department of Health and Human Services, 1996)

4. One in four children does not attend any school P.E., and fewer than one in four children get 20 minutes of vigorous activity every day. (National Association for Sport & Physical Education)

5. Girls who play sports have higher levels of self-esteem and lower levels of depression. (The President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports, 1997)

6. Teenage female athletes are less than half as likely to get pregnant. (Women's Sports Foundation Report: Sports and Teen Pregnancy, Women's Sports Foundation.Report: Sports and Teen Pregnancy, 1998)

7. Only one state - Illinois - has a mandatory daily requirement for physical education for grades K through 12. (National Association for Sport & Physical Education)

8. Kids born today are expected to have a shorter life expectancy than their parents due to inactivity and diet. (Obesity Week, Feb 3, 2002: v2, #5)

Data compiled by Nike Go

Nike and AYF provides these references for informational purposes only. Inclusion of the referenced studies or organizations does not necessarily mean there is an affiliation, endorsement, or other connection between NIke, AYF and any of the referenced studies or organizations.

NATIONAL ATHLETIC TRAINERS' ASSOCIATION (NATA) OFFERS HEAT ILLNESS PREVENTION TIPS FOR YOUTH FOOTBALL PLAYERS

Organization Suggests Additional Summer Health & Safety Tips for Active People of All Ages

DALLAS, July 12 – For thousands of six to 13 year-olds in youth football leagues around the country, mid-July means the beginning of pre-season practice. To educate parents, coaches and the players themselves on how to prevent heat-related illnesses during the sweltering summer months, the National Athletic Trainers' Association (NATA) and the Gatorade Sports Science Institute (GSSI), have prepared “Guidelines on Heat Safety in Football.”

NATA and GSSI recommend that the leagues:

Arrange proper medical coverage at all practices and games

Acclimate the young athletes to the heat over a two-week period

Allow proper fluid replacement to maintain hydration

Weigh in athletes before and after practices to monitor sweat loss and dehydration

Arrange practice and rest in shaded areas and during cooler times of the day

Provide proper rest periods during and in-between practice sessions

Minimize the amount of equipment and clothing worn by players in hot and humid conditions, particularly during the acclimation period

The NATA's Age Specific Task Force recommends that all young players be permitted to remove their helmets during rest breaks during both practices and games, as well as in-between periods and at halftime. With the football helmet on at all times in hot and humid weather, the body core temperature can increase to a greater extent and may play a role in the development of an exertional heat illness. Combining proper hydration, rest and the removal of the helmet for a period of time assists in the reduction of core body temperature and reduces the risk of developing a heat illness. To view the entire statement, please visit:

http://www.nata.org/youthsports/index.htm

NATA, a non-profit organization that represents 30,000 members of the athletic training profession, periodically issues position and consensus statements on sports and health-related issues.

About the NATA:

Certified athletic trainers (ATCs) are unique health care providers who specialize in the prevention, assessment, treatment and rehabilitation of injuries and illnesses that occur to athletes and the physically active. The National Athletic Trainers' Association represents and supports 30,000 members of the athletic training profession through education and research. www.nata.org. NATA, 2952 Stemmons Freeway, Ste. 200 , Dallas , TX 75247 , 214.637.6282; 214.637.2206 (fax).




 

 

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